Create a factory and industry from scratch
There are many factors to consider when start a factory from scratch.
The first step is to determine the type of industry and the product or products that the factory will produce.
Then, the location of the factory must be chosen.
The factory must be located close to the raw materials needed for production, as well as close to potential markets for finished products.
Once the location is chosen, The factory must be designed and built..
The layout of the factory and the type of necessary machinery will depend on the products to be produced. Finally, the factory must have workers who have the necessary skills to operate the machinery and produce the products.
Types of factories
There are different types of factory depending on the products they treat and their final products. They are divided into two large classes: heavy factory and light factory.
The heavy factory is one that is dedicated to the treatment of raw materials to convert them, generally into semi-finished products and rarely into final products for direct consumption. Heavy factories are characterized by being large and housing a large number of machines. These factories are also known as Industrial plants. Some examples of heavy factories are:
- chemical: produce chemicals such as fertilizers, paint and synthetic components.
- metallurgical: specialize in metal treatment.
- steel industry: are dedicated to turning steel into iron.
- cement plant: transform rocks into cement and lime.
The light factory is one that processes the raw material or intermediate materials in products for direct consumption. Light factories are characterized by being smaller in size and include both machines and human resources. Some examples of this type of factories are:
- textilesThey make clothing.
- food: they generate food.
- pharmaceuticalThey produce medicines.
Factories by production systems, industrial plants
Factories are also classified according to their operation, divided into the following types of processes:
- Continuous: there is no rest and maintains a 24-hour production, for example, oil refineries.
- Repetitive: the production line is managed in batches, for example, textile and automotive factories.
- Intermittent: the products it produces are at the customer's request after the issuance of a purchase order, for example, factories of turbines, ships or aircraft.